Prunus persica var.
Round juicy fruit with downy yellowish-red skin and a rough stone.
Type of peach with a thin smooth skin and firm flesh.
and nectarines always have to be picked ripe. They do not ripe well after
they have been picked. You can keep peaches and nectarines for one to three
days but you have to be very carefull, one small bruise and it will go
bad on that spot.
Tree / shrub
The peach and nectarine trees
or shrubs grow upto 5 x 5 m. It is self pollinative and has an impressive
Darwin (1731-1802) noticed
that peach trees spontaneously produced nectarines and that this also happens
the other way around. He even describes a tree that produced a fruit that
was half peach half nectarine and later fell back producing peaches.
Peaches are from Chinese origin.
They go back to the 10th century B.C. and are often found on illustrations
from that time. The Chinese have developed an incredible amount of peach
The peach got it's name around
300 B.C. The greek philosopher Theophrastus thought it came from Persia
and named this lovely fruit to that country. In the first century the fruit
is mentioned by Romans who wrote that they imported the fruit from Persia.
It is supposed that the peach reached Europe around the year 0. In England
they don't show up before 1650 A.D.
Strange enough, the nectarine
is never mentioned in descriptions from the time Before Christ. Nectarines
are first mentioned in America in 1720 when they grew between the peach
trees in Virginia. A.J. Downing registred 19 nectarine races in America
Today many types
of nectarines are cultivated.
Peaches and nectarines taste
best consumed "warm" from the tree. Often jam is made out of it because
they can't be stored fresh.
Nectarines are mostly eaten
with the skin as peaches are mostly peeled.
There are races with the stone
fixed to the pulp and races with a loose stone. The pulp varies in colour
from white to yellow and certain types have red stains.
The colour of it's skin varies
from green to dark-red.
Most remarkable characteristic
of the peach is it's downy skin.
fruit crop is large and you don't know what to do with all those lovely
ripe peaches you can make jam out of it. You also can purate the peaches
to freeze them in for winter use; you can make a delicious chutney or you
can make juice out of it. Peach juice is nectar from the gods according to the Romans and it can
be freezed in as well!
a peach shrub or tree near an almond tree. As the peach is a brother of
the almond the two sorts are easily crossed. The result is bitter nuts;
stones have little holes in it or have a ribbed structure;
or shrubs can easily be grown out of a peach stone;
are used to make the coal for filters;
buy peaches look for ones with a creamy to gold undercolor that indicates
ripeness. The amount of red on peaches depends on the variety, it is not
always a sign of ripeness. Look for fruit that has a well-defined crease
and a good fragrance. Unripe peaches have a green undercolour and
will never ripen. Peaches and nectarines only ripen well on the tree.